BER for Rician Fading
This Special Purpose Embedded Calculator calculates the BER in a flat Rician channel with slow fading.
BER for Rician Fading
- Note 1: enter a large negative number (e.g. -100 dB) for the K factor to model Rayleigh fading.
- Note 2: Do you see a probability larger than unity?
For small outage values, there is an exponent ("e-..") in the outage probability.
Some browsers may hide this outside the visible field
if they present too many mantissa bits. If you are in doubt, place the cursor
in the Outage Probability field and move to the right, beyond the visibile area.
Any exponent will scroll into the window.
- Convert LOS amplitudes and sigma to the K-factor and power.
See also spreadsheet for symbol
error rate for QAM with Rayleigh fading
For the evaluation of cellular networks, see also the comprehensive spreadsheet
for outage probabilities with Rayleigh fading, shadowing, interference, and
man-made noise.